We have to keep in mind that this chapter is the seventh head (empire, kingdom), which is the kingdom of darkness. The similar number of heads and horns reveals that the beast is from the dragon and like the dragon in wickedness. Revelation 13:2 And the dragon stood on the sand of the seashore. However, as Rev 17:8-11 seems to make clear, once the “eight king” arises, then this king will be regarded as the beast himself, although still part of the seventh empire. Even more specifically, I believe what’s in view here with this beast is the actual demonic activity of the kingdom of darkness. 2 And the beast which I saw was like unto a leopard, and his feet were as the feet of a bear, and his mouth as the mouth of a lion: and the dragon gave him his power, and his seat, and great authority. So to be clear, this Church-age beast consists of both the sixth and seventh head (empires). He will probably rise to power several years before Jesus returns, as he’s gathering the world against the people of Christ (Rev 20:7-10; Rev 16:12-16; Rev 11:7). We’re in the period of the seventh kingdom now. (Rev 13:5) – 5 and there was given to him a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies; and there was given to him authority to continue forty and two months. The reason is probably because John was living in the days of the fourth beast, which, of course, was the Roman Empire (sixth world empire). He does this through anti-Christian or non-Christian government, false religion, worldly philosophies, worldly values, worldly pleasures, etc.—in general, all the anti-Christian ways of the world (see “image” vs. 14). Dispensational Premillennialism commonly teaches that this chapter is about “the Antichrist,” who appears on the world stage during the so-called “seven year tribulation period” prior to the return of Christ and His so-called “earthly millennial kingdom,” who forces everyone to have a physical mark in order to buy or sell anything during that brief period of tribulation. And the beast which I saw was like unto a leopard, and his feet were as the feet of a bear, and his … Therefore, this “mark of the beast” is a symbolic identification of those who belong to the kingdom of darkness, just as believers are symbolically marked with the name of the Father and of the Lamb. And he maketh the earth and them that dwell therein to worship the first beast, whose death-stroke was healed. This mark is symbolic, which is used to identify unbelievers with that kingdom. The relationship between Chapter 13 and Chapter 17: Revelation 13:1 and 13:7 are keys to interpreting this chapter. N.A.S.B. Wisdom tells me that people make too much of this number. It’s the seventh world empire that is in view in this chapter, and it’s that empire that rules over the world now and throughout the Church age. i. Though it’s true of some, most do not worship Satan directly—that is, on purpose. “And he maketh the earth and them that dwell therein to worship the first beast”. Everything they speak is contrary to the Christian message. This obviously has Daniel 7:4-7 in view. As for the “two horns,” like the horns of the first beast, they probably represent power and authority. He that hath understanding, let him count the number of the beast; for it is the number of a man: and his number is Six hundred and sixty and six. Revelation 13 New King James Version (NKJV) The Beast from the Sea 13 Then [ a]I stood on the sand of the sea. Therefore, as we go through this chapter (13), we need to be aware that we’re dealing with the seventh empire of the whole Church age, while Chapter 17 is focused on eighth king of this seventh empire, who will arise at the end of the Church age—but who is still part of the seventh empire. In other words, the Church-age beast will be characterized by this eighth king during this time—time of the end. It almost seems obvious that the identity of this beast is that kingdom (empire). The “head” (sixth) that appeared to have been killed was Rome. We have the, There’s something far more significant going on in this chapter and in this book than what Premillennialism teaches (esp as it concerns, This chapter – and the whole book of Revelation – is about life in this world between the first and second advents of Christ. Darby: Miscellaneous 3) Revelation 13, Notes on — John Nelson Darby (Collected Writings of J.N. 13 And I stood upon the sand of the sea, and saw a beast rise up out of the sea, having seven heads and ten horns, and upon his horns ten crowns, and upon his heads the name of blasphemy. 1 Then 1 I stood on the sand of the sea. It appeared to have been killed because the Roman Empire fell. First, it’s important to understand that this “beast” is not a he, not a person, but a world power, an empire, a kingdom—or rather, a combination of empires. of And he deceives those who dwell on the earth by those signs which he was granted to do in the sight of the beast, telling those who dwell on the earth to make an image to the beast who was wounded by the sword and lived. Therefore, what we see in chapter 13 is the reign of the, Therefore, as we go through this chapter (13), we need to be aware that we’re dealing with the, Then I saw a beast coming up out of the sea. The dragon takes his stand on the sand of the sea (12:17), and a beast rises out of the sea. These demonic rulers (false prophet) are the kingdom of darkness. Everything they speak is against the truth. Scripture taken from the New King James Version. And I saw one of his heads as if it had been mortally wounded, and his deadly wound was healed. Satan is the great deceiver of this world, and so he and his demonic beings make themselves and their kingdom look attractive and appealing. (We’ll deal more with “abyss-beast” when we get to chapter 17). All the voices of false religion, anti-Christian philosophies, anti-Christian government, worldly values, sinful pleasures, etc., speak, So the beast opened his mouth to blaspheme against God – to blaspheme both, The blasphemy of this beast, of course, is directed against God and His holy, Both Christians and non-Christians alike, who may be hearing this or reading this, need to listen to what’s being said here. Both believers and unbelievers are marked (identified) by God. Romulus, the last of the Roman emperors in the west, was overthrown by the Germanic leader Odoacer, who became the first Barbarian to rule in Rome. In other words, it transitioned from one form to another, since both empires are part of the same Church-age beast. “He told those who live on the earth to make an image to the beast who had been wounded by the sword, but still lived.”. Then I stood on the sand of the sea. and that no one may buy or sell except one who has the mark or the name of the beast, or the number of his name. 2 Now the beast which I saw was like a leopard, his feet were like … Thus he will be the full human embodiment of Satan. “mark” (“mark of the beast” verses 16:2; 19:20; 20:4). Let him that hath understanding count the number of the beast; for it is the number of a man; and his number is Six hundred threescore and six - In this verse we have the very name of the beast given under the symbol of the number 666. And you hold fast to My name, and did not deny My faith even in the days in which Antipas was My faithful martyr, who was killed among you, where Satan dwells. For examples of strange phenomena, just google “strange phenomena.” When you read about some of these things, it’s easy to see the “great signs” of this beast in them. A lot to get our attention. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Since this is a seven-headed beast, we need to identify all of the world empires that this beast represents: Seventh: Kingdom of darkness (ruled by Satan). What’s in view here is the kingdom of darkness against the kingdom of light, which is what we see throughout the book of Revelation. All who dwell on the earth will worship him, whose names have not been written in the Book of Life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world. And I saw a a beast rising up out of the sea, b having 2 seven heads and ten horns, and on his horns ten crowns, and on his heads a c blasphemous name. Revelation 13 1 Then I stood on the sand of the sea. But that’s what happens when we interpret Revelation with such strict literalism. To be clear, the first six empires were ruled by human kings. He causes all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on their right hand or on their foreheads. Therefore, what we see in chapter 13 is the reign of the seventh world empire during the whole Church age—up until the end of the Church age when the “eighth king” rises to power (Rev 17:11), and Jesus defeats him. Significant point: It’s important to understand that at the time of John’s revelation/writing, this sea-beast was in transition from the sixth world empire (Rome) to the seventh world empire (kingdom of darkness), which came into existence once Rome fell. Realistically, what could possibly have authority over “every tribe and people and tongue and nation?” The kingdom of darkness is the only thing that touches every living soul in the world. NET – 10 If anyone is meant for captivity, into captivity he will go. In other words, the kingdom of darkness casts its “image” upon the world. If you’ve been following along in this commentary, you know that this is the picture we’ve seen. All Scripture quotations are from the 1901 American Standard Version unless otherwise noted. I believe the mention of the number three times is for one of two reasons, or both: One, stated three times could be merely an emphatic expression. The kingdom of the world is totally under the dominion of Satan (1 Jn 5:19), which is the express image (Rev 13:14) of the kingdom of darkness. And I saw a beast coming up out of the sea, having ten horns and seven heads, and on his horns ten diadems, and upon his heads names of blasphemy. It makes perfect sense that only those who belong to the kingdom of darkness (kingdom of the world), would be able to share the same belief system. We have to consider the greater message of this chapter, and of this book. If we’re to see the full scope of this revelation, we must see it through the overall message of the New Testament—which is what I’ve strived to do throughout this commentary. The rulers of the kingdom of darkness point the people of the world to the kingdom of darkness. It refers to humanity as a whole. Considering all the seven’s in this book, I don’t believe it’s a coincidence that the number six here is assigned to this beast, since the number seven is assigned to Christ and His Church. It’s about the conflict between the truth and falsehood. We will go into detail about this when we get to chapter 17. It represents those who belong to the kingdom of darkness. Revelation 13 New King James Version (NKJV) The Beast from the Sea 13 Then [ a]I stood on the sand of the sea. This whole chapter describes an enemy that is against Christians, and Christians alone. 13 And I stood upon the sand of the sea, and saw a beast rise up out of the sea, having seven heads and ten horns, and upon his horns ten crowns, and upon his heads the name of blasphemy. (Rev 13:12) – 12 And he exerciseth all the authority of the first beast in his sight. Many people today love the sea, but as a whole the Jewish people in Biblical times regarded the sea as a wild, untamed, frightening plac… He will rule for a very brief time before being judged by Christ at His coming. This beast has two heads (empires) during this time: the sixth (Roman Empire, time of John) and the seventh (kingdom of darkness, our time). In other words, unbelievers are “marked” people, as those associated with the kingdom of darkness. They carry out his bidding. And the whole world followed the beast in amazement; 10 tn Grk “killed to death,” an expression emphatic in its redundancy. Satan will indwell and fully empower this eighth king. “if any man shall kill with the sword” (ASV, NASB, KJV, NKJV, NRSV), “If anyone is to be killed by the sword” (NET, ESV, LEB, NIV, CSB). (Rev 13:1) – “And he stood upon the sand of the sea”, The following translations place this phrase at the beginning of chapter 13: (ASV, NASB, NIV). If anyone is to be killed by the sword, then by the sword he must be killed. 13 1 Then I stood on the sand of the sea. They all speak as one voice against the truth. It’s about the conflict between light and darkness, between the, The idea that the book of Revelation is about a mere seven year period, fails to capture the greater message and full significance that this book actually conveys. (Rev 13:7) – 7 And it was given unto him to make war with the saints, and to overcome them: and there was given to him authority over every tribe and people and tongue and nation. Yet, together they are one number: the number 666. Here is wisdom. It had ten horns and seven heads, and on its horns were, Right away we see that this beast that comes up out of the, It’s important to understand that there is a, While both Rev 13 and Rev 17 deals with the, To summarize, in the seventh world empire (now, Church age), there are, At this point, I need to make the case that the, With everything we’ve discussed in this chapter so far, and with the above verses in mind, I think the, Both Christians and non-Christians alike are involved in spiritual warfare. Thus the beast is represented in the world by those who belong to him. 1The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave Him to show His servants—things which must [a]shortly take place. They’re all the same type of being, which are fallen angels. Now the beast which I saw was like a leopard, his feet were like the feet of a bear, and his mouth like … If we don’t consider the symbolism and figurative language that characterizes the book of Revelation, we will come to wrong conclusions (interpretations). If anyone is meant for captivity, into captivity he will go. Revelation 13 New King James Version The Beast from the Sea 13 Then [ a]I stood on the sand of the sea. It’s the realm that we’re all in before we come to faith in Christ: (Col 1:13) – 13 For He rescued us from the domain of darkness, and transferred us to the kingdom of His beloved Son,” (NASB), (Acts 26:18) – 18 to open their eyes so that they may turn from darkness to light and from the dominion of Satan to God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins and an inheritance among those who have been sanctified by faith in Me. That’s not what this verse is referring to. When we do that, we’re able to make better sense out of this book than when viewed through the narrow lens of Premillennialism (esp, Revelation 13:1 and 13:7 are keys to interpreting this chapter. He was granted power to give breath to the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak and cause as many as would not worship the image of the beast to be killed. Again, not to be taken literally. Once the Roman Empire fell, the seventh empire became a composite of all four of those beasts—which is what we’re in now as the Church-age beast. Two, the triple mention of the number six represents something specific from the other: 6 = sea-beast (kingdom of darkness, Satan); 6 = land-beast (demonic beings, False Prophet); 6 = image (kingdom of the world). NET – 13:1 Then I saw a beast coming up out of the sea. 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