Individuals living closer to shore tend to be smaller than their offshore relatives, but male and female cod are not different in size, wherever they live. The goshawk’s speed and agility make avoidance of its attack almost impossible. Part of this legend is Hawk Lake Lodge, one of Ontario’s premier fishing lodges. The goshawk is similarly crossbarred below with grey, but these markings are so fine and so closely spaced as to appear a uniform pale grey at any distance. Adults are dark slate gray on top with barred light gray underparts, and have a light stripe over their eyes. Merlins are small, fierce falcons that use surprise attacks to bring down small songbirds and shorebirds. But what makes them different to other reptiles is that turtles have a shell. 15. Population ecology of raptors. This refers to the ruff or dark-coloured neck feathers that are particularly large in the male. The North Atlantic Right Whale (Eubalæna glacialis) is one of the rarest of the large whales. Four pairs of these legs are used mainly to walk and are called pereiopods. Some distinguishing characteristics of this species are the large mouth, called and oral disc and a large eye. The Phalaropes are the only shorebirds that feed at sea. Unlike other cetaceans –the order which comprises all whales–, narwhals have convex tail flukes, or tail fins. Wheeler. Males tend to be smaller than females, reaching a size of about 0.4 m. With its small pectoral fins right behind its gills, absence of pelvic fins, long dorsal and ventral fins and the thin coat of mucus on its tiny scales, the adult eel slightly resembles a slimy snake but are in fact true fish. Buteo jamaicensis. These hawks fly in a direct, purposeful way just at or a little below tree-top level, with four or five quick, sharp wing beats followed by a short glide. The Canadian species are the Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus, the Cooper’s Hawk Accipiter cooperii, and the Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis. Spawning males have bright red sides, and bright green backs and heads, with darker colouration on their bellies. Birds of this species have a dark mark along … The average weight of the female is 2.3 kg compared to 1.8 kg for the male. Once the prey is spotted, the hawk quietly launches itself into the air, dives straight down for a few metres to pick up air speed, then flattens out and glides straight towards its quarry. When not in flight, the Barn Swallow can be observed perched on fences, wires, TV antennas or dead branches.Both male and female Barn Swallows sing both individually and in groups in a wide variety of twitters, warbles, whirrs and chirps. Its skin is otherwise smooth and black, but some individuals have white patches on their bellies and chin. They are powerful fliers, but you can tell them from larger falcons by their rapid wingbeats and overall dark tones. Each lateral tooth has cusps and together they always occur in a 2-3-3-2 cusp pattern. A powerful predator of northern and mountain woods. Signs and sounds Although very similar in appearance, the Trumpeter Swan and the Tundra Swan have quite different voices. There are two species of chorus frogs here in Canada: the Boreal Chorus Frog (Pseudacris maculata) and the Western Chorus Frog (Pseudacris triseriata). The Canadian species are the Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus, the Cooper’s Hawk Accipiter … Hairs on the lobster’s legs and claws also act as sensory organs and are able to smell. Adult males may be almost pure white in colour. The echolocation calls they make, similar to clicking noises, bounce off objects and this echo is processed by the bat to get the information they need. May 3, 2019 - Explore Niagara Fine Arts's board "Birds of Ontario" on Pinterest. Length: 18.5-20.5 in Weight: 25.2-49.4 oz  Wingspan: 52.0-54.3 in. Though in Southern Ontario they can be found year-round. Cooper’s hawk (Accipiter cooperii), also migratory forest dwelling birds, live year round in many areas of North America. These design features all reflect the lifestyle for which the birds are adapted—long legs for wading in water or on mudflats or marshes, the long bill for searching for tiny animal and insect prey by probing into Arctic tundra or a variety of substrates, and long wings and a streamlined body for swift flight over long distances. These seven gill pores are located one after another behind the eye. Palmer, R.S. commonest hawk with reddish tail. Some juveniles do not replace any flight feathers in their first winter, as these are quite new. Coniferous forests appear to be an absolute requirement for nesting but in some areas the hawks prefer contiguous mature or old-growth mixed forest dominated by conifers. Lamprey don’t have gills like other fish species but have pores for breathing. Catalogue number CW69-4/81E ISBN 0-662-13640-6 Revision: Ursula Banasch, 1990 Photo: Richard Fyfe. On its head, the lobster has eyes that are very sensitive to movement and light, which help it to spot predators and prey, but are unable to see colours and clear images. All accipiters generally have similar colouring, small heads, long tails, and short rounded wings. If you see one, consider taking down your feeders for a week or two and allowing the hawk to move on. Cooper's Hawk although the female is larger than the male and can be similar in size to a small Cooper's - the Sharp-shinned Hawk's tail is square-ended while the Cooper's is round-ended with a broader white band at the tip. All rights reserved. The males have a downturned tail and no fleshy folds. As its name implies, it is pale tan to reddish or dark brown with a slightly paler belly, and ears and wings that are dark brown to black. Goshawks hunt inside the forest or along its edge; they take their prey by putting on short bursts of amazingly fast flight, often twisting among branches and crashing through thickets in the intensity of pursuit. The best birding can be found along Wheeler’s Walk Trail, a mile-long path that meanders through the park’s woods and meadows. These whales have a mottled black and white, grey or brownish back, but the rest of the body (mainly its underside) is white. This camouflage helps protect the grouse from their predators. The Northern Goshawk is found year-round throughout most of the province of Ontario. Signs and sounds The Semipalmated Sandpiper’s voice is a single note chit or cheh. By nodding his head and ruffs, and spreading his tail and strutting, the male identifies himself to the female and encourages her advances. These birds are superficially alike, being smaller than eagles and having large, keen eyes, hooked bills and sharp, curved talons. These movements coincide with major die-offs, every nine or 10 years, of cyclic northern food species such as the Ruffed Grouse and snowshoe hare. As long as the intended victim remains unaware of its approach, the hawk does not beat its wings. Both Pacific and Atlantic Cod have a white line on each side of their bodies from the gills to their tails, or pectoral fins. It chooses a nesting area in late April to early May and builds a new nest each year. While the Western Chorus Frog might have slightly shorter legs than the Boreal Chorus Frog, and that their respective calls have different structures, genetics have proven this. Their long forked tail and pointed wings also make them easily recognizable. Chorus Frogs are about the size of large grape, about 2.5cm long on average, with a maximum of 4cm. Its head makes up about a fourth of its body length, and its mouth is characterized by its arched, or highly curved, jaw. The species can be difficult to distinguish from other small sandpipers. When they are getting ready to spawn they shrink in length and their dorsal fins overlap. There are several characteristics which are normally used to identify lamprey. One non-native species, the Mute Swan, is found in North America,. Most other species can live for more than 20 years. They range in size from the small male Sharp-shinned Hawk, which is smaller than a gull, to the large female Northern Goshawk, which at 55 to 66 cm is larger than a crow. They are also diurnal, which means that they hunt during the day like all the other birds of prey except the owls. Ontario’s rugged Canadian Shield is legendary for its clear, cold waters, stunning rock formations and wide variety of high quality fishing opportunities. It has a worm or eel-like shape with two distinct dorsal fins and a small tail. Rough-legged Hawks are migratory birds. In addition, many species of cormorants, grebes, gulls, jaegers, loons, pelicans and terns feed either entirely or mainly at sea. Unique characteristics The flight of accipiters is most distinctive. The female lays up to six eggs but seldom raises more than four young each season. This list of birds of Ontario includes all the bird species recorded in the Canadian province of Ontario as determined by the Ontario Bird Records Committee (OBRC). It prefers groves of trees covering some 10 to 30 ha, adjacent to open fields or grassy hillsides. In the arid southwest, this hawk is limited to the edges of flowing streams. As its name suggests, the Northern Goshawk is a true northerner. At that moment the hawk puts on a tremendous burst of speed to close the gap and makes a strike before the quarry reaches cover. Look for them in the Spring and Summer months between Toronto and Detroit, between Lake Huron and Lake Eerie. Sharpies migrate north to Canada and Alaska to breed each year, and south to Central America in the winter time. The Sea Otter’s fur is one of the thickest in the animal kingdom, with 150,000 or more hairs per square centimetre. Unlike most other large whales, it has no dorsal fin. People brought Mute Swans from Europe and Asia for ornamental display in parks and zoos, and now this species is found in the wild in certain parts of the continent. Note the sharp division between the black cap and gray nape (neck). Length: 9.4-13.4 in Weight: 3.1-7.7 oz Wingspan: 16.9-22.1 in. Revised edition. The birds of Canada. The Atlantic Cod may live as long as 25 years. Although most uses of these persistent insecticides have been banned in Canada and the United States, the insecticides are still used in some Central and South American countries. This shell is considered perhaps the most efficient form of armour in the animal kingdom, as adult turtles are very likely to survive from one year to the next. These noises are at a very high frequency, and so cannot be heard by humans. Dark morph is red-brown with white flight feathers. Under the whale’s skin, a blubber layer of sometimes more than 30 centimetres thick helps it to stay warm in the cold water and store energy. Their diet is consistent with that of most other birds of prey. Although the second, smaller incisor tooth often remains embedded in the skull, it rarely but on occasion develops into a second tusk. Adult Cooper's Hawks have gray backs, reddish-barred chests, and reddish eyes. The American Eel is the only representative of its genus (or group of related species) in North America, but it does have a close relative which shares the same spawning area: the European Eel. 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